by Kat Griffin Kat Griffin

Why Should I Use Copper Impregnated Graphite: EC-15C and HK-6C?

copper impregnated graphite

Copper impregnation provides increased resistance to erosion and corrosion, making Copper Impregnated Graphite suitable for harsh operating conditions and chemically aggressive environments. Copper Impregnated Graphite, specifically EC-15C and HK6-C grades, offer several advantages that make them a preferred choice in various applications like electrodes. 

top 3 benefits of using copper impregnated graphiteSome reasons you should consider using EC-15C and HK-6C grades include:

  1. Higher Electrical Conductivity:

    Copper impregnation significantly improves the electrical conductivity of the graphite material. This makes it ideal for applications where high electrical conductivity is essential, such as in electrical discharge machining (EDM), electrical contacts, and other electrical applications.

  2. Flexural Strength:

    Flexural strength is a crucial aspect to consider when evaluating electrodes. Unlike other materials, copper graphite is suitable for wire EDM to cut at higher speeds and provide finer finishes. EC-15C and HK-6C is an excellent choice for EDMing carbide and exotic alloys, as well as work pieces with limited flushing conditions. 

  3. Improved Thermal Conductivity:

    Copper impregnation also enhances the thermal conductivity of the graphite material. This property enables efficient heat dissipation, making it suitable for applications that require effective thermal management, such as heat sinks, thermal interfaces, and electronic cooling systems.

  4. Increased Mechanical Strength:

    Copper impregnation strengthens the graphite matrix, resulting in improved mechanical strength and stability. This makes Copper Impregnated Graphite more resistant to chipping when machining thin ribs and sharper detail, ensuring better durability and resistance to wear or deformation in demanding applications.

  5. Electrode Wear:

    Copper impregnation provides increased resistance to erosion, making copper graphite suitable for harsh operating conditions and chemically aggressive environments. Utilizing this metal is less prone to DC arcing in poor flush conditions. 

  6. Metal Removal Rates (MRR):

    Copper graphite used on common metal substrates have higher metal removal rates in roughing applications than standard graphite. Properties of copper graphite offer lower resistivity, higher flexural strength, high conductivity, and better finish with lower amperage settings which improves electrode wear.

  7. Versatile Applications:

    Copper Impregnated Graphite finds applications across various industries, including automotive, aerospace, electronics, power generation, and more. It can be used in EDM electrodes, current-carrying components, thermal management solutions, seals, gaskets, and other high-performance applications.

It is important to note that when selecting the appropriate electrode material for an EDM job, several factors come into play. Copper impregnated graphite has proven to be a suitable choice for EDM electrodes in various applications. However, the decision to opt for this material depends on specific application requirements and the desired outcomes. It is crucial to evaluate these variables carefully in order to make an informed choice regarding the use of copper impregnated graphite as the electrode material.